ENGLISH-SEERAH DISCOURCES IN MEDIEVAL CHRISTIAN POLEMIC DISPUTATION “IBRAHIM AL-TABRANI”: A RESEARCH STUDY
Keywords:Seerah, discources, Ibrahim al-Tabrani, medieval, Christian, polemic, Disputation.
The discussion or debate for polemic reasons, equipped with certain arguments, held to counter religious rivals is called disputation. In the early Islamic (or Medieval) era, this tradition was not as prominent as it was in the Umayyad or Abbasid times, hence it flourished among the non-Muslims due to expansion of Islamic rule, and conversion of great numbers of non-Muslims to Islam. During this period, many polemic writings against Islam floated at the surface of literary milieu. Among them is “Ibrahim al-Tabrani”, which intended to provide a polemic strategy to counter Islam intellectually..
The scope of this article is to take a glance of arguments and major polemic points of the said “disputation”, for which verses from the Bible, and the Holy Qur’an, along with narrations from Ahadith and Seerah literature have been taken as data along with the said disputation and studied using an elaborative research methodology.The statements regarding the Seerah of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) have been analyzed in the light of classical Seerah sources, to search and elaborate the authenticity and validity of the said polemic writing. The article ends with the conclusion that the statements and discourses about the Seerah of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) described in the said writing are neither befitting t the Seerah, nor is the authenticity of it to rely upon solely. While it has been recommended for further research, that, not only similar studies be conducted analyzing other medieval writings, containing statements and discourses about Seerah of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.), but also, the methodology, motives and impacts of these writings be elaborated, so that it may be helpful to understand the whole scenario which gave rise to this polemic genre, to implement its outcome in present day dialogue with non-Muslims of the world, introducing the Seerah of The Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.) to the respective religious communities in an academic way.
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